Influenza is an infectious viral disease that affects nose, throat, and lungs. Total dan diferensial leukosit ayam petelur pascavaksinasi tetelo dan flu burung total and differential leukocytes of layer after newcastle disease and avian influenza vaccination. Differential diagnosis of influenza competently about. Students of dentistry need to learn relevant aspects of diagnostic process during their training.
Differential diagnosis of acute respiratory syndrome flu. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of avian influenza. Guidelines for differential diagnoses in a population with. Differential diagnosis and management of oral ulcers. Professor of infectious diseases and clinical microbiology, ondokuz mayis university school of medicine, turkey hakan leblebicioglu, md is a member of the following medical societies. Guidance for clinicians on the use of rtpcr and other molecular assays for diagnosis of influenza virus infection. As a rule, acute bronchitis is easy to diagnose and does not require any farreaching considerations with regard to differential diagnoses. Study of treesparrow passer montanus as natural spreader of. This chapter provides clinicians with a guide to clinical and laboratory means to reach a diagnosis of the most common febrile diseases. There is often this misunderstanding around the differences between influenza and the common cold, which may result in public perception that the flu vaccine is ineffective or that is causes people to end up getting the flu.
He was diagnosed with sinusits and was placed on amoxicillin for 10 days. Flu bedside diagnosis and differential diagnosis the bmj. To understand sparrows ability in spreading h5n1 avian influenza virus. Written for apn students and new advanced practice nurses, this easyaccess clinical guide to commonly seen symptoms describes how to obtain a patient history and choose the appropriate directed physical exam for the presenting problem, and how to use this patient history and physical exam findings to form a differential diagnosis. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Following the standards for competency established by the american physical therapy association apta related to conducting a screening examination, differential diagnosis for physical therapists gives you a consistent way to screen for systemic diseases and medical conditions that can mimic neuromuscular and musculoskeletal problems. Barat sangat menunjang pada diagnosis flu burung yang sangat patogenik. Clinical practice guidelines by the infectious diseases society of america. What key questions, lab tests, and physical clues will help narrow the differential. For this purpose differential diagnosis of influenza is carried out. The content on the uptodate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Typical influenza symptoms include fever, headache, myalgias, malaise, cough, and rhinorrhea. Cardinal presentations this post is part of a series called cardinal presentations, based on rosens emergency medicine 8th edition. You should have a broad differential diagnosis that can be narrowed by the patients specific symptoms. Ashleys testimony that she has had difficulty with school, sleep and volleyball practice therefore supports this diagnosis. N95 respirator for preventing influenza among health care workers loeb, m. Total dan diferensial leukosit ayam petelur pascavaksinasi tetelo dan flu burung total and differential leukocytes of layer after newcastle disease. Learn by tracing the path from symptom to diagnosis, just as the physician encounters the situation in practice. Differential diagnosis for diarrhoea and vomiting with. Penyakit flu burung atau flu unggas bird flu, avian influenza adalah suatu penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh virus influenza tipe a dan ditularkan oleh unggas. Apr 28, 2019 the content on the uptodate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
A tentative diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory system can be made based on history. While influenza activity is still low at this time, influenza a h3n2 viruses were most common in the united states from may through midseptember. Pdf diagnosis and differential diagnosis of asperger syndrome. May 21, 1994 influenza causes enormous morbidity, death, and economic loss. Peripheral temperature is not clinically accurate and central measurements are the preferred means of determining fever. Pdf diagnosis and differential diagnosis of asperger. In the late 1990s, a new strain of bird flu arose that was remarkable for its ability to cause severe disease and death, especially in domesticated birds such as ducks, chickens, or turkeys. The pandemic potential of avian influenza ah7n9 virus. Download this pdf file indonesian journal of clinical pathology and. In this condition, glucose needs insulin to help it enter the cells to be used for en. Siegenthaler, differential diagnosis in internal medicine. Differential diagnoses for diseases of poultry based on organ.
Differential diagnosis diseases similar to acute bronchitis. Credits can be earned by building a differential or looking up a diagnosis. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of asperger syndrome article pdf available in advances in psychiatric treatment 74. Careful history and physical examination along with judicious use of laboratory testing and careful monitoring of the patient for new or changing symptoms usually elucidates a reason for the fever. Aug 30, 2017 there is often this misunderstanding around the differences between influenza and the common cold, which may result in public perception that the flu vaccine is ineffective or that is causes people to end up getting the flu. Differential diagnosis is challenging, and includes both infectious mycobacteria and fungi and noninfectious lung diseases sarcoidosis, necrotising sarcoid granulomatosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, hot tub lung, berylliosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, eosinophilic.
Bergantung pada subtipe virus yang menyebabkan penyakit, rentang gejala mulai dari tanpa gejala asimtomatik. Differential diagnosis in obscure fever sciencedirect. A major reason is the high comorbidity between ptsd especially the chronic type and other psychiatric diagnoses, which complicates the. Current approaches for diagnosis of influenza virus. It is important, however, to differentiate between acute. In general, flu is worse than the common cold, and symptoms are more intense. Hakan leblebicioglu, md fellow, european society of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases escmid and honorary chair of escmid study group for infections in travelers and migrants esgitm. Observation was made according to clinical, gross pathological and histopathological. Spieth k, grundmannkollmann m, runne u, staib g, fellbaum c, wolter m, kaufmann r, gille j 2002 mycosisfungoidestype cutaneous t cell lymphoma of the hands and soles. Influenza diagnosis rapid influenza diagnostics that enable medical professionals to quickly determine if a patient has the flu and if so, which strain and whether it may be resistant to antiviral drugs can ensure that the patient receives the most appropriate care.
Uyeki tm, bernstein hh, bradley js, englund ja, file tm jr, fry am, et al. Differential diagnosis of atopic eczema springerlink. Amantadine is effective treatment for and prophylaxis against influenza a during epidemics. Upper respiratory tract infection uri represents the most common acute illness evaluated in the outpatient setting.
As regards differential diagnosis between different types of flu, parameters values play a central role. Patients may also have gi symptoms such as abdominal pain and vomiting. Rochester, minnesota aiormally high body temperature has been the subject of study by the clinician from as far back as ancient times up to the present day. Karakteristik klinis dan epidemiologis avian influenza a h5n1. Differential diagnosis for the advanced practice nurse. Conversely, susacs syndrome is often misdiagnosed, for example, as atypical multiple sclerosis ms, unusual. Xiv siegenthaler, differential diagnosis in internal medicine isbn97831421418, 2007 georg thieme verlag 4. Guidance for clinicians on the use of rapid influenza diagnostic tests background rapid influenza diagnostic tests ridts are immunoassays that can identify the presence of influenza a and b viral nucleoprotein antigens in respiratory specimens, and display the result in a. Up to the end of 2003, hpai was considered a rare disease in poultry. Rather than using differential diagnosis to identify and diagnose the plaintiffs condition, the experts were allowed to reach beyond differential diagnosis as it is used in the medical setting and offer a broad conclusion that the vaccine was the cause of plaintiffs condition. Antiviral agents for the treatment and chemoprophylaxis of influenza. The virus can pass from birds to humans and, very rarely, from person to person. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of avian influenza uptodate. Feverweaknesssyncopealtered mental statusseizuredizziness and vertigoheadachesore throatdyspneachest painabdominal painnausea and vomitinggastrointestinal bleedingacute pelvic painback pain causes of fever key features morbidity and mortality increase.
Bird flu avian influenza is a disease caused by strains of influenza virus that primarily affects birds. Deteksi virus avian influenza subtipe h5n1 pada organ ayam yang. The doctors task is to distinguish the flu from other diseases that can affect the upper respiratory tract. Differential diagnosis differential diagnosis based on clinical, radiological, histological and other investigative routes forms an important part in any branch of medicine. The epidemiology, transmission, pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of avian influenza are discussed separately. Differential diagnoses of influenza a virus, influenza b. Differential diagnosis for diarrhoea and vomiting with fever common and important causes of diarrhoea and vomiting with fever for doctors and medical students this page is. Differential diagnostic evaluation of common laboratory test results, including stepbystep plans for further diagnosis. This page will be removed from your favorites links. Influenza viruses cause a broad array of respiratory illnesses responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in children.
Avian influenza differential diagnosis on the web most recent articles. Flu can have very serious associated complications. Role of domestic ducks in the propagation and biological evolution of highly pathogenic h5n1 influenza viruses in asia. Upper respiratory tract infection differential diagnoses.
Avian influenza viruses have never been detected in rats, rabbits and various other mammals present at live bird markets in hong kong where 20 % of the chickens were found positive for the asian lineage h5n1 shortridge 1998. Reviews differential diagnosis in obscure fever michael j. Differential diagnoses for diseases of poultry based on organ systems and other outlines h. There have been five influenza pandemics during the past 100 years. Guidance for clinicians on the use of rapid influenza. Uris range from the common coldtypically a mild, selflimited, catarrhal syndrome of the nasopharynxto lifethreatening illnesses such as epiglottitis. Differential diagnoses of influenza a virus, influenza b virus, and respiratory syncytial virus infections by direct immunofluorescence using mixtures of monoclonal antibodies of different isotypes.
Performance of clinical signs in poultry for the detection of. Influenza causes enormous morbidity, death, and economic loss. A major reason is the high comorbidity between ptsd especially the chronic type and other psychiatric diagnoses, which complicates the diagnostic process. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by the pancreas not producing enough insulin. Dalam penjamu alami yang menjadi reservoir virus flu burung. Guidance for clinicians on the use of rapid influenza diagnostic tests background rapid influenza diagnostic tests ridts are immunoassays that can identify the presence of influenza a and b viral nucleoprotein antigens in respiratory specimens, and display the result in a qualitative way positive vs. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations. Annual vaccination is strongly recommended for groups at high risk.
Commonly known as the flu, influenza is an airborne disease and spreads through droplets when the infected person coughs or sneezes. Dec 01, 2003 fever of unknown origin fuo in adults is defined as a temperature higher than 38. Aug 27, 2007 the differential diagnosis is extensive but selflimited illnesses predominate. Pdf pandemic of avian influenzae ai cause outbreak in asia including in indonesia. Gambaran klinis dan patologis pada ayam yang terserang flu. Penyakit flu burung yang disebabkan oleh virus avian infuenza jenis h5n1 pada unggas dikonfirmasikan telah terjadi di republik korea, vietnam, jepang, thailand, kamboja, taiwan, laos, china, indonesia dan pakistan. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions. Differential diagnosis of typical and atypical pneumonia ornithosis, mycoplasmosis, le g ionelo sis, sars, pulmonary tuberculosis. Diagnosis of influenza in children is discussed separately. Penyakit flu burung yang disebabkan oleh virus avian infuenza jenis h5n1 pada unggas dikonfirmasikan telah terjadi di republik korea, vietnam, jepang, thailand, kamboja, taiwan, laos, china, indonesia dan pak.
Acute bronchitis differential diagnosis and treatment. American roentgen ray society images of influenza differential diagnosis all images xrays. These viruses cause symptoms often referred to as influenzalike illness ili, but are not generally distinguishable on clinical grounds alone. From the correct diagnosis of influenza depends on how quickly you will recover and there will be no complications affecting all vital organs. Apr 23, 2019 influenza is the one of the most significant acute upper respiratory tract infections. Establishing a diagnosis from several clinical presentations is a common challenge in paediatrics that needs knowledge and experience to solve. Differential diagnoses for diseases of poultry based on. Sign in with your personal account to earn and claim cme credits through visualdx. In this condition, glucose needs insulin to help it enter the cells to be used for energy. The differential diagnosis of mental disorders is often challenging, but it may be especially difficult for the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder ptsd. Demographic and epidemiologic data keywords pathogen, disease, incubation, person to person transmission, means of transmission, attack rate, case fatality, age groups, season, u. Differential diagnosis dd of febrile diseases springerlink. Influenza infections, guidelines for farm visit and differential diagnosis.
Approach to the adult patient with fever of unknown origin. Recognizing and addressing the problems presented by. Differential diagnosis of granulomatous lung disease. New developments include rapid laboratory diagnosis, live attenuated vaccines, and antiviral drugs. The causes and diagnosis of influenzalike illness pdf. A variety of medical and psychiatric disorders cause symptoms that can mimic adhd in young children. Avian influenza viruses generally show the highest affinities for. The new influenza detection algorithm provides a new way to refine differential diagnoses for identification of infection risks of unknown influenza strains by selecting a single test, or a small set of tests to determine the hpai strain in clinical samples. Differential diagnosis for a respiratory disease outbreak. Dovis infestation is an important differential diagnosis of sheep scab, since both conditions occur in undipped sheep during autunm andwinter months cause severe pruritus. Cdc has received a report of influenza infection with parotitis this year.
Recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices acip. Jun 21, 2018 upper respiratory tract infection uri represents the most common acute illness evaluated in the outpatient setting. This collection features the best content from afp, as identified by the afp editors, on influenza and related issues, including influenza. A diagnosis of major depressive disorder can be made if the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with a persons ability to sleep, study, eat and enjoy life nimh, 2015. Shivaprasad, professor, avian pathology california animal health and food safety laboratory system, tulare branch.1159 749 585 1427 8 551 1241 1407 977 346 91 1197 677 631 87 1063 1055 392 1536 767 1528 851 568 1165 214 679 6 1162 480 16 824 514 464 1126 267 326 1383 568 1191 707 1106 802 17 30 207